Opportunities for Action: An Evolving Plan for the Future of the Lake Champlain Basin

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Cultural Heritage and Recreation Resources

About This Chapter

The Goal

Build on existing knowledge; make new discoveries of the history, culture, and special resources of the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership; and make this information accessible to all.

Introduction

LCBP wayside exhibits share local history and culture.

Lake Champlain is an iconic natural resource that is deeply embedded in the cultural heritage of residents throughout the region. The public commitment to environmental stewardship of Lake Champlain relies, in large part, on an appreciation of the Lake itself and the associated resources of the Basin. People make connections to these resources in a variety of ways. Some learn about the region’s rich history by visiting one of the valley’s world-class museums. Others begin to appreciate a clean Lake while paddling on it for the first time. Many become aware of its uniqueness as they ride the 1100 miles of bike routes along the Lake and its tributaries, through farmland, forest, and town. These activities and many other cultural heritage and recreational opportunities have been made more
accessible by the efforts the Lake Champlain Basin Program (LCBP) and its partners.

The Basin’s vast recreational opportunities and various cultural heritage attractions also contribute to the region’s economy. The various marketing brands of the Lake Champlain Basin rely on a mix of recreational opportunities and cultural attractions in beautiful settings. Creating new opportunities for exploring the region and supporting cultural attractions helps support those branding efforts.

Native American veteran demonstrates traditional drumming.

Since its inception, the LCBP has funded more than 350 grants for cultural heritage and recreation projects—efforts that foster stronger personal connections between people and resources of the Lake Champlain Basin while supporting the local economy. The LCBP has supported projects that range in scope from simple architectural assessments of historic buildings to new cycling and paddling guides and a detailed underwater archeological survey of the entire Lake. More than $1 million in grants has been awarded to communities and organizations working to implement the proposed actions listed in the Cultural Heritage and Recreation Resources chapter of Opportunities for Action: An Evolving Plan for the Lake Champlain Basin (OFA) since 1992.

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Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership

Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership logo

The United States Congress established the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership (CVNHP) in 2006. This national heritage area was designated to recognize the importance of the historical, cultural, and recreational resources of the Champlain Valley; to preserve, protect, and interpret those resources; to enhance the tourism economy; and to encourage partnerships among state/provincial and local governments and nonprofit organizations in New York, Québec, and Vermont to carry out the purposes of the legislation.

Historic Champlain Memorial Lighthouse in Crown Point, NY.

Most of the CVNHP is located within the Lake Champlain Basin, but the Partnership area also includes Bennington (Vermont) and Saratoga (New York) Counties, outside the Basin to the south. The enabling legislation of the CVNHP—and the goals, objectives, and actions of OFA—prioritizes partnership building among governments, organizations, and individuals in New York, Québec, and Vermont. The CVNHP Management Plan is a component of OFA. The strategic issues—the goals, objectives, and actions—of the CVNHP Management Plan are integrated into the “new format” and include the areas of the Basin that are not included in the CVNHP.

The Cultural Heritage and Recreation Resources chapter of OFA and the CVNHP Management Plan offer the same goals, objectives, and actions that encourage stewardship of our cultural heritage and enhancement of our recreation resources. The sustained support for these efforts within the Basin and the CVNHP region will continue to foster a sense of stewardship for our cultural and natural resources.

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Chapter Objectives

Cultural and Historical Research (Actions 9.1 - 9.2)

To build on existing knowledge; make new discoveries of the history, culture, and special resources of the CVNHP; and make this information accessible.

Conservation of Heritage Resources (Actions 9.3 - 9.5)

To support the conservation of the historical, archeological, natural, and cultural resources of the CVNHP.

Recreation and Accessibility to Resources (Actions 9.6 - 9.8)

To provide sustainable and accessible recreational opportunities for everyone within the CVNHP.

Interpretation and Education (Actions 9.9 - 9.12)

To have a well-informed public that values the unique heritage of the CVNHP and understands the threats to its resources.

Coordination, Communication, and Capacity Building (Actions 9.13 -9.15)

To serve as a conduit for information, to build professional capacity among stakeholders, and to foster strong working relationships among the partners of the CVNHP.

Marketing the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership (Actions 9.16 - 9.18)

To coordinate efforts among partners to promote the CVNHP as a world-class destination for heritage travelers.

Promoting Sustainability (to be incorporated if Alternative 2b is chosen) (Actions 9.19 - 9.23)

To foster a sustainable relationship between people and the natural and cultural resources of the CVNHP.

Associated Actions / Tasks

Click Expand Icon Next to each Action to see the associated Tasks

  • Completed Completed Task
  • Active Active Task
  • Inactive Inactive Task

Expand 9.1) Provide support for needed historical and archeological research and accelerate the identification, evaluation, protection, and interpretation of heritage resources, including ethnographies of the cultures within the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support historical and archeological research and documentation. View Task Comments 9.1.1 LCBP 05-08-12 Active
Support ethnographic research and documentation of the cultures within the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.1.2 LCBP 05-08-12 Active
Use new and existing research and documentation to support the evaluation, conservation, and interpretation of natural and cultural heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.1.3 LCBP 05-08-12 Active

Expand 9.2) Manage a comprehensive online heritage resource database.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Maintain and update the CVNHP online heritage resource database. View Task Comments 9.2.1 LCBP 11-02-11 Active
Assess the compatibility of the New York and Vermont GIS databases. Investigate the availability of similar resources in Québec. View Task Comments 9.2.2 LCBP Inactive
Identify, develop, and maintain CVNHP GIS data layers for chosen heritage features. View Task Comments 9.2.3 LCBP 11-02-11 Active
Promote use of the resource database and GIS information among partners. View Task Comments 9.2.4 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.3) Develop a voluntary stewardship program to strengthen non-regulatory protection of cultural and natural heritage resources.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Review existing tax incentives for natural and cultural heritage resource protection on private property and explore the creation of new incentives. View Task Comments 9.3.1 LCBP Inactive
Increase landowner awareness of non-regulatory protection tools, such as sale of development rights, tax benefits through donating easements, tax credits, barn grants, and other incentive programs. View Task Comments 9.3.2 LCBP Inactive
Provide professional development resources to build the stewardship capabilities of non-profit groups to conserve cultural and natural heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.3.3 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.4) Develop and implement Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership cultural and natural heritage resource protection programs.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Inventory, evaluate, and post online the federal, state, and local legislation governing the protection of cultural and natural heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.4.1 LCBP Inactive
Develop criteria for selecting priority cultural/natural heritage resources based on their importance, fragility, recreational opportunities, and economic benefits and develop consistent strategies for conservation. View Task Comments 9.4.2 LCBP Inactive
Examine mechanisms for providing technical assistance to landowners, communities, non-profit organizations, and other resource conservation organizations that wish assistance. View Task Comments 9.4.3 LCBP Inactive
Provide assistance to organizations that wish to develop comprehensive conservation plans that address individual issues in a regional context. View Task Comments 9.4.4 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.5) Develop and implement a management strategy for underwater cultural heritage resources in the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Continue to survey, document, and evaluate underwater cultural heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.5.1 LCBP Inactive
Continue to monitor the impacts of zebra mussels and study the potential impacts of Quagga mussel on shipwrecks. View Task Comments 9.5.2 LCBP Inactive
Examine ways to collaborate with partners to support the establishment of underwater preserves on the Upper Hudson River, Champlain Canal, and Richelieu River. View Task Comments 9.5.3 LCBP Inactive
Work with the LCBP’s Lake Champlain Aquatic Nuisance Species Rapid Response Team to reduce the risk of Quagga mussel introduction. View Task Comments 9.5.4 LCBP Inactive
Integrate the results of shipwreck research with other resource studies. View Task Comments 9.5.5 LCBP Inactive
Make the results of supported research available to the public through a variety of interpretive materials. View Task Comments 9.5.6 LCBP Inactive
Support a bi-state management approach to the Lake Champlain Underwater Historic Preserve program that includes reasonable public access to appropriate sites as well as enhanced protection, maintenance, and operations. View Task Comments 9.5.7 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.6) Support initiatives that promote sustainable recreational activities that feature the natural, cultural, and historical resources in the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Develop or improve natural and cultural heritage interpretative trails using wayside exhibits and other informative media. View Task Comments 9.6.1 LCBP 11-02-11 Active
Continue to support regional, multi-jurisdictional programs that promote accessible and sustainable use of resources. View Task Comments 9.6.2 LCBP 01-16-12 Active
Continue to develop and maintain the Lake Champlain Underwater Historic Preserve System and the Lake George Submerged Heritage Preserve Program and investigate the creation of a similar system in the Upper Hudson and Richelieu Rivers. View Task Comments 9.6.3 LCBP Inactive
Examine the feasibility of establishing a “national historic water trail” to connect the resources of the CVNHP, Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area, and the Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor, similar to the Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail. View Task Comments 9.6.4 LCBP Inactive
Support efforts to link communities through transportation routes that feature interpretation of heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.6.5 LCBP Inactive
Develop a comprehensive guide to all types of public access opportunities on the interconnected waterways of the CVNHP, including winter access sites. View Task Comments 9.6.6 LCBP Inactive
Encourage the expansion of facilities and services along the interconnected waterways, such as restaurants, lodging, and equipment rentals, in a manner that minimizes impacts on recreational, cultural, natural, and historic resources and that features environmental sustainability. View Task Comments 9.6.7 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.7) Increase and improve public access opportunities to the interconnected waterways of the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership for diverse recreational activities.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Update and analyze resource inventories to identify gaps in public accessibility along the interconnected waterways of the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.7.1 LCBP Inactive
Develop an online CVNHP public access guide. View Task Comments 9.7.2 LCBP Inactive
Facilitate regional partnerships to manage public access improvements. View Task Comments 9.7.3 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.8) Support a public information program that emphasizes recreational ethics, public safety, sustainable use, and stewardship of cultural and natural resources.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support efforts to educate residents and visitors on the hunting, fishing, and trapping heritage of the region. View Task Comments 9.8.1 LCBP Inactive
Support tourism information centers, marketing organizations, regional byway initiatives, and the Non-motorized Tourism Clearinghouse to coordinate and disseminate information on opportunities for year-round use of recreational, natural, cultural, and historic resources of the CVNHP. These and similar programs will be encouraged to develop additional materials for distribution. View Task Comments 9.8.2 LCBP Inactive
Support the use of new information technology to provide quality information on heritage and recreation resources. View Task Comments 9.8.3 LCBP 11-02-11 Active

Expand 9.9) Connect, promote, and improve cultural and natural heritage sites through interpretation.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Continue to provide design services for interpretive materials. View Task Comments 9.9.1 LCBP 11-07-11 Active
Establish a unified, broadly applicable design template for all interpretive materials sponsored by the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.9.2 LCBP Inactive
Develop and maintain an online interpretive toolkit for the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.9.3 LCBP Inactive
Support pilot projects that utilize emerging interpretive technologies. View Task Comments 9.9.4 LCBP 05-08-12 Active
Provide general technical support for interpretation projects. View Task Comments 9.9.5 LCBP 11-07-11 Active
Support professional development for interpreters. View Task Comments 9.9.6 LCBP 11-02-11 Active

Expand 9.10) Support the use of interpretive themes to link resources within the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Continue to explore Key Partner opportunities for shared programs. View Task Comments 9.10.1 LCBP Inactive
Work with interested partner organizations to determine what they wish to identify as the appropriate interpretive themes and focus areas for individual sites, the programs that support those sites, and the possible collaborative role of the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.10.2 LCBP 01-16-12 Active
Collaborate with partners to develop an interpretive plan for the CVNHP that thematically links sites while preserving their individual identities and interpretive goals. View Task Comments 9.10.3 LCBP Inactive
Support initiatives that highlight the relationships among stakeholder sites and programs through interpretation, while maintaining the individual character of those sites. View Task Comments 9.10.4 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.11) Promote cultural exchanges and international scholarship programs.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support research and scholarship focusing on cross-border relationships of New York, Québec, Vermont, and other nations and cultures that relate to the Making of Nations, Corridor of Commerce, or Conservation and Community interpretive themes. View Task Comments 9.11.1 LCBP 05-08-12 Active
Encourage youth cultural and education exchanges. View Task Comments 9.11.2 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.12) Produce coordinated education programs for students.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Continue to conduct teacher-training workshops. View Task Comments 9.12.1 LCBP Inactive
Develop a comprehensive CVNHP Resource Guide for educators to use in developing teaching units focused on the natural and cultural heritage of the region with an emphasis on conserving and protecting those resources. View Task Comments 9.12.2 LCBP Inactive
Use the Internet and other media to share CVNHP information with students and teachers. View Task Comments 9.12.3 LCBP Inactive
Promote the “Teaching the Hudson Valley” website and determine if a similar service is needed for the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.12.4 LCBP Inactive
Work with state education departments to integrate CVNHP education into classrooms. View Task Comments 9.12.5 LCBP Inactive
Provide opportunities for teachers and students to participate in CVNHP-related field trips and restoration projects. View Task Comments 9.12.6 LCBP Inactive
Provide CVNHP-related presentations to schools. View Task Comments 9.12.7 LCBP Inactive
Provide bus transportation grants to improve school access to heritage sites and events within the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.12.8 LCBP Inactive
Evaluate the success of CVNHP education initiatives. View Task Comments 9.12.9 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.13) Support professional development among Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership stakeholders, including an annual heritage partnership conference.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Provide a mini-grant program for professional development of heritage organizations. View Task Comments 9.13.1 LCBP Inactive
Sponsor training for conservation, education, interpretation, marketing, administration, and other topics as needed. View Task Comments 9.13.2 LCBP Inactive
Assess the Training to Sustain Heritage Center Operations program to determine suitability for replication throughout the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.13.3 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.14) Encourage cooperation and enhance communication among partners within the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Convene periodic meetings of organizations and regional stakeholder groups within CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.14.1 LCBP Inactive
Provide translation services for meetings among partners from the United States and Québec as needed. View Task Comments 9.14.2 LCBP Inactive
Develop an enhanced website that includes a calendar of events, topical information, and other tools. View Task Comments 9.14.3 LCBP Inactive
Regularly publish a newsletter highlighting best practices among CVNHP partners, funding opportunities, updates, etc. View Task Comments 9.14.4 LCBP Inactive
Support the continued success of existing regional stakeholder groups and the creation of new groups for underserved regions of the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.14.5 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.15) Support and encourage cooperation to commemorate the bicentennial of the War of 1812 and the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Convene stakeholders to discuss potential collaborative efforts to commemorate the Bicentennial of the War of 1812 and the American Civil War Sesquicentennial. View Task Comments 9.15.1 LCBP 11-15-11 Active
Examine the potential for developing bi-state, international committees to coordinate efforts among New York, Québec, and Vermont for both the War of 1812 Bicentennial and the American Civil War Sesquicentennial. View Task Comments 9.15.2 LCBP Inactive
Support research, interpretation, and other individual efforts to mark the anniversaries. View Task Comments 9.15.3 LCBP 01-16-12 Active
Support the efforts of historic sites and associated with the Underground Railroad, manufacturing for the war effort, the “home front,” the St. Albans Raid and other events and places that are associated with the American Civil War. View Task Comments 9.15.4 Inactive

Expand 9.16) Develop and maintain a consistent regional brand related to the interpretive themes of the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Develop a template and design manual for maps, brochures, guides, and interpretive signs for the CVNHP that is based on the LCBP Wayside Exhibit design and provide design services to organizations willing to use the templates. View Task Comments 9.16.1 LCBP Inactive
Review existing local, regional, and state/provincial marketing efforts. View Task Comments 9.16.2 LCBP Inactive
Assign the HAPAC to recommend appropriate approaches to branding/marketing of the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.16.3 LCBP Inactive
Develop a marketing plan for the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.16.4 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.17) Use the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership website to promote the region.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Develop an enhanced website that promotes the region as a whole, while acting as a window to encourage users to visit existing stakeholder websites for more detailed information. View Task Comments 9.17.1 LCBP Inactive
Encourage the development of new website technologies for use on the CVNHP and stakeholder websites. View Task Comments 9.17.2 LCBP Inactive
Develop web resources with Key Partners to advance outreach concerning specific partnership projects and programs. View Task Comments 9.17.3 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.18) Support the development of bilingual materials, interpretation, and services.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support bilingual interpretation of resources within the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.18.1 LCBP 10-05-11 Active
Support teaching French to stakeholder staff, including service industry staff. View Task Comments 9.18.2 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.19) Promote energy efficiency and resource conservation among Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership partners.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Encourage energy-efficient heritage tourism and recreation that has a low impact on the environment. View Task Comments 9.19.1 LCBP Inactive
Support energy efficiency audits and the development of energy conservation plans for cultural heritage facilities. View Task Comments 9.19.2 LCBP Inactive
Support the installation of energy-saving devices and materials in cultural heritage facilities. View Task Comments 9.19.3 LCBP Inactive
Encourage carpooling and the use of teleconferencing or web-based meetings for participation at regional meetings, conferences, and workshops. View Task Comments 9.19.4 LCBP Inactive
Support water conservation efforts at cultural heritage facilities. View Task Comments 9.19.5 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.20) Prevent the introduction of new aquatic invasive species and limit the spread of established aquatic invasive species (AIS) in the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership region.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support the development and distribution of AIS spread-prevention messages and public outreach campaigns at heritage and recreational venues in the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.20.1 LCBP 11-15-11 Active
Develop and implement a heritage Lake stewardship program to inform recreational waterway users about AIS spread prevention. View Task Comments 9.20.2 LCBP Inactive
Support projects to manage AIS appropriately in ecologically sensitive heritage sites. View Task Comments 9.20.3 LCBP Inactive
Develop and support AIS spread-prevention interpretation and signage on the Champlain and Chambly Canals. View Task Comments 9.20.4 LCBP 11-15-11 Active
Promote use of all waterways within the CVNHP in an environmentally sustainable fashion. View Task Comments 9.20.5 LCBP 11-15-11 Active
Provide heritage interpretation training to the LCBP boat launch stewards. View Task Comments 9.20.6 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.21) Prevent the introduction of new terrestrial invasive species (TIS) in the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership region.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support the development of TIS spread-prevention messages and public outreach campaigns to protect heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.21.1 LCBP Inactive
Develop an invasive species educational program that can be used by project managers in heritage sites. View Task Comments 9.21.2 LCBP Inactive
Develop and support TIS spread-prevention interpretation and signage within the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.21.3 LCBP Inactive
Incorporate TIS interpretation at cultural heritage museums and sites in the region and at CVNHP-sponsored events that might include overnight camping. View Task Comments 9.21.4 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.22) Focus on land-use changes and effects of stormwater runoff on water quality.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Promote improved understanding and interpretation of the environmental impact of the successive historical stages in settlement, forestry, agriculture, and development in the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.22.1 LCBP 01-16-12 Active
Promote improved understanding of the importance of minimizing pollution from stormwater runoff at cultural heritage facilities and events. View Task Comments 9.22.2 LCBP Inactive

Expand 9.23) Promote sustainable agriculture practices in the Champlain Valley National Heritage Partnership.

Associated Tasks ID # Lead Partners Updated Status
Support programs that encourage appropriate agricultural tourism in the CVNHP. View Task Comments 9.23.1 LCBP 01-16-12 Active
Provide wayside exhibits to interpret the history and sustainable practices of the recipients of the Lake Champlain Farm Awards. View Task Comments 9.23.2 LCBP Inactive
Provide funding for the assessment of historic barns as heritage resources. View Task Comments 9.23.3 LCBP Inactive
Interpret sustainable farming and forestry practices in the context of agricultural tourism. View Task Comments 9.23.4 LCBP Inactive

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